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Alonso de Estrada

Alonso de Estrada was born in Ciudad Real, Spain probably between 1470 and 1480 and died in 1530. He was married to Marina Gutiérrez Flores de la Cavalleria. They had two sons and five daughters. Luis Alfonso Fernándes de Estrada stayed in Ciudad Real and Juan Alonso became fray Juan de la Magdalena. Luisa, Marina, Ana, Francisca, and Beatris came to New Spain with their parents in 1523.

Luisa married Captain Jorgue de Alvarado, a conqueror of México and Governor of Guatemala; and a brother of Pedro de Alvarado; their children were


Jorgue de Alvarado, Luisa, and Leonor.

Marina married Luis de Saavreda Guzman; their children were


Alonso de Saavreda; Juan who married Regina de la Cadena;

Ana married New Spain Treasurer Juan Alonso de Sosa; their children were


Juan Alonso de Sosa, baptized February 4, 1542, married Marina de Guevara. They had several children, a daughter married Diego de Ayala, son of licenciado Diego de Ayala, alcalde de la Audencia de México. The Ayala's succession is probably the one that produced Leonor de Ayala who married Joseph de Trevño and started a line of Ayalas in Nuevo León. Their children took the Ayala name, rather than the father's name, Treviño.

Francisca married Alonso Avalalos de Saavreda
Beatris married Francisco Vasquez de Coronado, the discoverer of the Grand Canyon.

Alonso de Estrada also had a natural son, Bartolome, with Ana Rodriguez Anhaifa. Bartolome became a secular priest.

Estrada is an interesting historical figure because he was probably the only son of a king of Spain who ever lived in México and left a large number of descendants some of whom are now in the USA. Historia Peggy K. Liss states that Estrada was a natural son of King Ferdinand (167). Also another historian Thomas Hugh in his book the Conquest: Montezuma, Corté, and the Fall of Old México, states that it was believed that Alonso de Estrada was a natural son of King Ferdinand (574). In New Spain, de Estrada served as royal treasurer, lieutenant governor, and governor.
Besides being a natural son of Ferdinand, Alonso de Estrada was a converso. Why do I believe that Estrada was a converso? First of all King Ferdinand's grandmother was Jewish. Secondly, Estradas' cousin was Luis de la Torre, the Jew who was baptized prior to sail with Christopher Colón to the New World. Upon his arrival in México in 1523, Estrada brought his cousin Luis de la Torre from Santo Domingo where he had resided since 1508.

Sources:
Indice Geobiografico de Cuarenta Mil Pobladores Españoles de America en el Siglo XVI
Fernández, Francisco del Castillo, Memorias de la Academia Mexicana de la Historia: Correspondiente de la Real de Madrid, (México October-December 1942) Tomo I
Liss, Peggy K. México Under Spain, 1521-1556, Society and the Origins of Nationality The University of Chicago Press, 1975. Carranza, Baltasa Dorante de, Sumaria Relación de los Primeros Pobladores de México.

Thomas, Hugh, Conquest: Montezuma, Cortés, and the Fall of Old México. Simon and Schuster, 1993.

 

    

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Frank Longoria
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